[35] Since then water levels rebounded, rising more than 6 feet (2 meters) to historical record high levels. The French explorer Jean Nicolet is believed to have been the first European to reach Lake Michigan, possibly in 1634 or 1638. The remainder of the GICW provides for a least depth of 12 feet. The lakes were 29 in (0.74 m) below their long-term average and had declined 17 inches since January 2012. The Chicago Tribune reported that BP is a major polluter, dumping thousands of pounds of raw sludge into the lake every day from its Whiting, Indiana, oil refinery. Large dune formations can be seen in many state parks, national forests and national parks along the Indiana and Michigan shoreline. The southern tip of the lake near Gary, Indiana, is heavily industrialized. [31], Historic high water 54. This is likely to lead to decreasing native habitat and to adversely affect native species survival, including game fish. Lake levels tend to be the lowest in winter. Whiteside says the exceptions will be when … Lake Michigan is one of the five Great Lakes of North America. [20], Lake Michigan is the only Great Lake that is wholly within the borders of the United States; the others are shared with Canada. For customers with special needs, we have provided a customer support phone number reachable 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year: (800) 720-6364. [32] As with the high-water records, monthly low-water records were set each month from February 1964 through January 1965. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume (1,180 cu mi (4,900 km 3)) and the third-largest by surface area (22,404 sq mi (58,030 km 2)), after Lake Superior and Lake Huron.To the east, its basin is conjoined with that of Lake Huron through the narrow Straits of Mackinac, giving it the same surface … Humminbird LakeMaster Chart- Midsouth States V5, Humminbird LakeMaster Plus Southeast - Version 3, Humminbird LakeMaster Chart - MidAtlantic States, Humminbird LakeMaster Chart - Louisiana Delta, Humminbird LakeMaster - Dakotas + Nebraska, Humminbird LakeMaster Chart - Ontario with Woods and Rainy Lakes, Humminbird LakeMaster Chart - Manitoba V1, Humminbird LakeMaster Western States MicroSD V3, Humminbird Smartstrike - Northeast States, Humminbird LakeMaster Chart - Southeast States, Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, and Mississippi, Indiana, Ohio, Michigan, Kentucky and Tennessee, Iowa, Illinois, Kansas, Missouri, and Nebraska Waters, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky Waters. Southern Ontario has some areas which experience higher frequencies, possibly due to lake effects and topography. [34], In January 2013, Lake Michigan's monthly mean water levels dipped to an all-time low of 576.2 ft (175.6 m),[35] reaching their lowest ebb since record keeping began in 1918. [18][19] The warming of Lake Michigan was the subject of a 2018 report by Purdue University. [10], Some of the earliest human inhabitants of the Lake Michigan region were the Hopewell Native Americans. Boat is in Montague, Michigan. North Central 1, which includes communities such as Christopher Lake, Candle Lake and Meath Park, has 51 active cases and North Central 3 … The lake's average depth is 46 fathoms 3 feet (279 ft; 85 m), while its greatest depth is 153 fathoms 5 feet (923 ft; 281 m). The total amount of shipping on the lakes has been on a downward trend for several years. In 2002, 162 million net tons of dry bulk cargo were moved via the Lakes. The Erie Canal connects to the Great Lakes at the east end of Lake Erie (at Buffalo, New York) and at the south side of Lake Ontario (at Oswego, New York). The central element of the Port District, Calumet Harbor, is maintained by the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers.[45]. [32] The all-time low-water mark was eclipsed in January 2013. The Port of Chicago, operated by the Illinois International Port District, has grain (14 million bushels) and bulk liquid (800,000 barrels) storage facilities along Lake Calumet. As a result, salmonids, including various strains of brown trout, steelhead (rainbow trout), coho and chinook salmon, were introduced as predators in order to decrease the wildlife population. [28], Hydrologically Michigan and Huron are the same body of water (sometimes called Lake Michigan-Huron) but are normally considered distinct. In a lake and/or river installation, the Retro-Line system should start in the heated building or room and end (terminate) in the lake at a minimum total water depth of 6 ft. (2m) at LOW water mark when a surface ice thickness of 3-4 ft. (1m -1.25m) is expected. During this twelve-month period, water levels ranged from 1.38 to 0.71 feet (42–22 cm) below Chart Datum. Environmental problems can still plague the lake. From May to October, the historic steamship, SS Badger, operates daily between Manitowoc, Wisconsin, and Ludington, Michigan,[30] connecting U.S. Highway 10 between the two cities. Each basin has a clockwise flow of water, deriving from rivers, winds, and the Coriolis effect. A new report says that could mean trouble for game fish", "Chart: 14901 Edition: 15 Edition Date: August 2006 Clear Dates: NM – 12/17/2011 LNM – 12/6/2011";"Soundings in feet and fathoms", https://www.ngdc.noaa.gov/mgg/image/michiganlarge.jpg, https://www.michigan.org/article/trip-idea/where-find-petoskey-stones-michigan, "What happens when Lake Superior has too much water? "MAP Price" stands for "Minimum Advertised Price" which means that we are not allowed to advertise some of the actual prices we sell for because they may be below the manufacturers Minimum Advertised Price. [42] The prime commercial species is the lake whitefish. In the early 17th century, when western European explorers made their first forays into the region, they encountered descendants of the Late Woodland Native Americans: the historic Chippewa; Menominee; Sauk; Fox; Winnebago; Miami; Ottawa; and Potawatomi peoples. Cities on the shores of Lake Michigan include: In the late 20th century, construction of the Saint Lawrence Seaway and Great Lakes Waterway opened the Great Lakes to ocean-going vessels. Please note that clicking on the "add to cart" button only places the item in your "shopping cart" there is no obligation to buy unless you complete the ordering process. The Great Lakes Circle Tour, a designated scenic road system, connects all of the Great Lakes and the St. Lawrence River. [21] Lake Michigan has a surface area of 22,404 sq.mi (58,026 km2); (13,237 square miles, 34,284 km2 lying in Michigan,[6] 7,358 square miles, 19,056 km2 in Wisconsin, 234 square miles, 606 km2 in Indiana, & 1,576 square miles, 4,079 km2 in Illinois) making it the largest lake entirely within one country by surface area (Lake Baikal in Russia is larger by water volume) and the fifth-largest lake in the world. This was, in order of volume: iron ore, grain and potash. Lake Michigan beaches in Northern Michigan are the only place in the world, aside from a few inland lakes in that region, where Petoskey stones, the Michigan state stone, can be found.[29]. Built in 1937 by George Gamble Shipyard in Port Dover Ontario originally as a Great Lakes fish tug, she has been converted into a trawler. Coupon code will be sent via email.Valid for new customers only. Lake Michigan is connected by the Illinois Waterway to the Gulf of Mexico via the Illinois River and the Mississippi River. [42], Sports fishing includes salmon, whitefish, smelt, lake trout and walleye as major catches. A large dune formation can be found in Whitefish Dunes State Park in Wisconsin in the Door Peninsula. All logos displayed on this page are registered trademarks with their respective organizations. It is 307 miles (494 km) long by 118 miles (190 km) wide with a shoreline 1,640 miles (2,640 km) long. It is the larger half of Lake Michigan–Huron, which is the largest body of fresh water in the world by surface area. [36] Keith Kompoltowicz, chief of watershed hydrology for the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers' district office in Detroit, explained that biggest factors leading to the lower water levels in 2013 were a combination of the "lack of a large snowpack" in the winter of 2011/2012 coupled with very hot and dry conditions in the summer of 2012. Grand Traverse Bay in its northeast is another large bay. The North Central zone, which includes Prince Albert, reported 26 new cases. Ottawa (/ ˈ ɒ t ə w ə / (), / ˈ ɒ t ə w ɑː /; Canadian French pronunciation: ) is the capital city of Canada.It stands on the south bank of the Ottawa River in the eastern portion of southern Ontario.Ottawa borders Gatineau, Quebec, and forms the core of the Ottawa–Gatineau census metropolitan area (CMA) and the National Capital Region (NCR). The annual harvest declined from an average of 11 million pounds (5,000,000 kg) from 1981 through to 1999 to more recent annual harvests of 8 to 9.5 million pounds (3,600,000 to 4,300,000 kg). Lake Michigan is home to a small variety of fish species and other organisms. The formation needed more study before it could be authenticated. For customers with special needs, we have provided a customer support phone number reachable 24 hours a day, 7 days a week, 365 days a year: (800) 720-6364. It was originally home to lake whitefish, lake trout, yellow perch, panfish, largemouth bass, smallmouth bass and bowfin, as well as some species of catfish. [16], The first person to reach the deep bottom of Lake Michigan was J. Val Klump, a scientist at the University of Wisconsin–Milwaukee in 1985. It is the second-largest of the Great Lakes by volume[5] (1,180 cu mi (4,900 km3)) and the third-largest by surface area (22,404 sq mi (58,030 km2)), after Lake Superior and Lake Huron. The Straits of Mackinac were an important Native American and fur trade route. Some of the most expansive and unique dune formations can be found at Indiana Dunes National Park, Saugatuck Dunes State Park, Warren Dunes State Park, Hoffmaster State Park, Silver Lake State Park, Ludington State Park, and Sleeping Bear Dunes National Lakeshore. Retrieved from, Monthly bulletin of Lake Levels for The Great Lakes; September 2009; U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, Detroit District. Coupon code will be sent via email.New customers only. Located on the southern side of the straits is the town of Mackinaw City, Michigan, the site of Fort Michilimackinac, a reconstructed French fort founded in 1715, and on the northern side is St. Ignace, Michigan, site of a French Catholic mission to the Indians, founded in 1671. Great Lakes passenger steamers have been operating since the mid-17th century. The normal low-water mark is 1.00 foot (30 cm) below datum (577.5 ft or 176.0 m). 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