The first census of any part of the city was taken in 1795 when the population of Blacktown (presently Georgetown) was determined as 60,000. [121] As of 2017, the total volume of water harvested was 339 mcft and groundwater recharge was 170 mcft.[122]. [99] The most dominant tree species is the copper pod, followed by Indian beech and Neem. [337] The Arignar Anna Zoological Park, one of the largest zoological parks in the world, annually attracts nearly 2 million visitors. As of 2000, Chennai city had a population of 4.2 million, while the total metropolitan population was 6.7 million. Urbanization has led to shrinkage of water bodies and wetlands. [21] The Korean community in the city continued to grow in the following years, and by 2009, there were about 3,000 Koreans in the city, up from about 700 in 2006. The fall in the Telugu-speaking population has been attributed to the mass migration of Telugu-speakers from the city upon the formation of Andhra State in 1953 while the decrease in the proportion of people who spoke English as their mother tongue has been attributed to the departure of most Europeans and Anglo-Indians for the United Kingdom following India's independence in 1947. [23] Some expatriates have also opened Korean restaurants, aimed largely at their co-ethnics rather than local Indians. [169] The city, along with the suburbs, has 33 operating fire stations. Private Tamil satellite television networks such as Sun TV, Raj TV, Zee Tamizh, Star Vijay, Jaya TV, Makkal TV, Vasanth TV, Kalaignar TV, Captain TV and PuthiyaThalaimurai TV broadcast out of Chennai. The total population of Chennai UA/Metropolitan region is 8,653,521. Chennai outer ring road is 62.3 km long connecting NH 45 (GST Road) at Perungalathur, NH 4 (GWT Road) at Nazarathpet, NH 205 (CTH Road) at Nemilicherry (Thiruninravur), NH 5 (GNT Road) at Nallur and TPP road at Minjur under the process by Chennai Metropolitan Area. [344], Chennai houses several theme parks, namely MGM Dizzee World and Queen's Land. As of 2018, the city had a green cover of 14.9 percent, against the World Health Organization recommendation of 9 square meters of green cover per capita in cities. Density of population in India is 382 persons per sq km. [113] Chennai has a water table at 2 metres for 60 percent of the year.[114]. Population density in the city is considered to be one of the highest in the world. The Indian Army's Officers Training Academy is also headquartered in the city. The population density in the city is 24,418 per while the overall population density is 6,351 per km². harvnb error: no target: CITEREFRajaraman1988 (. [12] As of 2012[update], the city had 21 luxury hotels in the five-star category, with over 4,500 rooms in the inventory. Population Density - Chennai district The total area of Chennai district is 175 km 2. [429], Previous world chess champion Viswanathan Anand grew up in Chennai. [440], The Foreigners Regional Registration Office (FRRO), which is the office of the field officers in charge of immigration and registration activities in the city, is located at Shastri Bhavan at Haddows Road.[441]. This resulted in the city expanding horizontally, unlike other metropolitan cities where vertical growth is prominent. population density and growth of tamil nadu: The population density of the state of Tamil Nadu is 555 persons per square kilometer. [246] The Tidel Park in Chennai was billed as Asia's largest IT park when it was built. [67] The Governor lived in Government House, Fort St George, and had a country home at Guindy, with access to a golf course, hockey pitches, riding stables and the Guindy Horse Racing Track. [273] Telecom giants Ericsson and Alcatel-Lucent, pharmaceuticals giant Pfizer and chemicals giant Dow Chemicals have research and development facilities in Chennai. [328] Chennai hosts major film studios, including AVM Productions, the oldest surviving studio in India. [132][133] The CMDA has drafted an additional Master Plan that aims to develop satellite townships around the city. [126][127] The corporation is headed by a mayor, an office presently occupied by Saidai Sa. The city ranked 22nd in the list. [405] Colleges for science, arts, and commerce degrees are typically affiliated with the University of Madras, which has six campuses in the city. The peak evening demand of the city is 1,500 MW which is about 50 percent of the state's peak evening demand of 3,000 megawatt. [256] Chennai is classified as a global city by GaWC, with a ranking of Beta[257] based on the extent of global reach and financial influence. [398] The city ranks second among Indian metropolitan city centres with a 90.33 percent literacy rate. [143], In 2009, Madras Central Prison, one of the oldest prisons in India, built over 11 acres (4 ha) of land, was demolished; the prisoners were moved to Puzhal Central Prison. [234] It features performances of traditional Carnatic music by many artists in and around the city. [307][308] As of 2016[update], the total electricity consumption by the street lamps in the city is 27 MW, costing about ₹ 60,000,000 per month. [66] Sir Arthur Lawley was Governor of Madras from 1906 to 1911 and promoted modern agriculture, industry, railways, education, the arts and more democratic governance. List of countries ordered by their population size. Sandy areas are found along the river banks and coasts, and include areas such as Tiruvottiyur, George Town, Madhavaram, New Washermanpet, Chepauk, Mylapore, Porur, Adyar, Besant Nagar and Uthandi. km., the population density in Chennai is unparalleled compared to any other part of the State,” says P. Kuganantham, former Chennai … In December 2016, Chennai Metro Rail Limited (CMRL) announced the Phase-2 of Chennai Metro for a length of 104 km consisting of 104 stations, subject to approval from the State and Central governments. [183], By the early 20th century, the art deco too made its entry upon the city's urban landscape. [369] In addition, four major National Highways (NH), namely, NH 4 to Mumbai (via Bangalore and Pune), NH 5 to Kolkata (linked via NH 6) (via Visakhapatnam and Bhubaneswar), NH 45 to Theni (via Villupuram, Tiruchirapalli and Dindigul) and NH 205 to Madanapalle (via Tirupati) originate in the city, connecting it to other Indian cities. [289] The city is home to the south zonal office of the Reserve Bank of India, the country's central bank, along with its zonal training centre and Reserve Bank Staff College, one of the two colleges of the bank. Chennai also has Indian Maritime University to impart quality education in maritime management, engineering, and different pre-sea courses. [179], The construction of the National Art Gallery in Madras was completed in 1909. Population Density of India is 364 per sq km as per census 2011. [348] Other important recreation centres include Madras Boat Club, which is over 140 years old, and Gymkhana Club, which is famous for its 18-hole golf courses. [20], Chennai is the earliest hub of the Korean community in India, owing to Hyundai's decision to open factories in the city in 1995. ", "Chennaite to represent India at Abilympics", "Number of people below the poverty line to increase in city", "Tamil Film Music: Sound and Significance", "Kannadigas outnumber Malayalis 2:1 in Tamil Nadu", "Welcome to Census of India: Census India Library", "K and the city: Why are more and more Chennaiites learning Korean? Chennai has two CSIR research institutions namely Central Leather Research Institute and Structural Engineering Research Centre. [28][29][30] It was derived from the name of a Telugu ruler, Damarla Mudirasa Chennappa Nayakudu, father of Damarla Venkatapathy Nayak, a Nayak ruler who served as a general under Venkata III of the Vijayanagar Empire from whom the British acquired the town in 1639. [290] The city also houses the permanent back office of the World Bank, which is one of the largest buildings owned by the bank outside its headquarters in Washington, DC. Population Density - Chennai district The total area of Chennai district is 175 km 2 . [262] The Heavy Vehicles Factory at Avadi produces military vehicles, including India's main battle tank: Arjun MBT. [312] Chennai attracts about 45 percent of health tourists from abroad and 30 percent to 40 percent of domestic health tourists. The city’s COVID-19 case count has been increasing day after day. About 75,000 birds migrate to Chennai every year. [123][124] In 2011, the jurisdiction of the Chennai Corporation was expanded from 174 km2 (67 sq mi) to an area of 426 km2 (164 sq mi),[125] dividing into three regions—North, South and Central, which covers 200 wards. [327], Chennai is the base for Tamil cinema, sometimes nicknamed as Kollywood, alluding to the neighbourhood of Kodambakkam where a number of film studios are located. Wildlife conservation and research activities take place at ; India population is equivalent to 17.7% of the total world population. Tamil Nadu covers an area of 130,058 km2 (50,216 sq mi), and is the eleventh largest state in India. In 2011, the jurisdiction of the Chennai Corporation was expanded from 174 km (67 sq mi) to an area of 426 km (164 sq mi), dividing into three regions—North, South and Central, which covers 200 wards. The Phase 2 was subsequently approved in late 2018, with certain provisos, and soil testing for the various stations are in full swing with construction set to begin in late 2019/ early 2020. [341] The eight zones in the newly added areas of the city have about 265 locations that have been identified for development of new parks. [26] Chennai is also home to some choirs, who during the Christmas season stage various carol performances across the city in Tamil and English. Chennai hosts the headquarters of the Southern Railway. [238], The city has a diverse theatre scene and is one of the important centres for Bharata Natyam, a classical dance form that originated in Tamil Nadu and is the oldest dance of India. The idea of taking a census of Madras city was first mooted during the Presidency of Elihu Yale. The new building, with a stunning façade, was built of pink sandstone brought from Sathyavedu, and formed part of the Madras Museum campus. Question: What is the population of Chennai? Chennai is the birthplace of the idea of the Indian National Congress, commonly known as the Congress Party. [414] The stadium was also one of the venues of the 1987,1996 and 2011 ICC Cricket World Cups. [421] Chennai is home to a World Series Hockey (WSH) team, the Chennai Cheetahs. Population. [91] Of the 24.87 km coastline of the city, 3.08 km experiences erosion, with sand accretion along the shoreline can be noticed at the Marina beach and the area between the Ennore Port and Kosasthalaiyar river. [303] As of 2018, the city topped in broadband speed among Indian cities, with a recorded download speed of 32.67 Mbit/s. [282] It hosted the Tamil Nadu Global Investors Meet in 2019 which was a business summit organised by the Government of Tamil Nadu. Population density per country. [293], Chennai is one of four Indian cities connected to the rest of the world by undersea fibre-optic cables, the other three being Mumbai, Kochi, and Tuticorin. Chennai is home to some of the best educational institutions in the country. [65] With the advent of railways in India in the 19th century, the thriving urban centre was connected to other important cities such as Bombay and Calcutta, promoting increased communication and trade with the hinterland. [144], Since the 19th century, when Western scholars proposed that Dravidian languages, which dominated the southern region of India, formed a different linguistic group to that of the Indo-Aryan languages that are predominant in the north of the subcontinent, the aspects of Tamil nationalism gained prominence. The important among them are the Chennakesava Perumal Temple, Chenna Mallesvarar Temple Kapaleeswarar Temple, Parthasarathy Temple, Vadapalani Andavar Temple, Ashtalakshmi Kovil, Kalikambal Temple and the Thiruvalluvar Temple. [340] This enables birding. The first census of India taken in 1871 gave a population of 397,552. [366] Phase I-A, which is an extension of the Blue line from Washermanpet to Thiruvottiyur is expected to be inaugurated by June 2020. [294][295][296][297] Work to lay a 2,300-km undersea optical submarine cable connecting Andaman and Nicobar Islands to mainland India through Chennai, carrying 100 Gb/sec optical waves, is slated to begin in December 2019 and completed by March 2020. [240] In 2012, a group of five Bharatha Natyam dancers from Chennai performed at the India Campaign during the 2012 Summer Olympics. km limits), while BBMP had a population of about 8.5 million in 74 [56][57] The region was then formerly a fishing village known as "Madraspatnam". [264] The Ambattur–Padi industrial zone houses many textile manufacturers, and a special economic zone (SEZ) for apparel and footwear manufacturing has been set up in the southern suburbs of the city. [263] The Integral Coach Factory manufactures railway coaches and other rolling stock for Indian Railways. The Sun Network one of India's largest broadcasting companies is based in the city. [388] The one and only Hindi Newspaper published from Chennai is the Rajasthan Patrika. Origin of the migrants stocks per country. [331][332][333] English plays are popular in the city, along with the more common Tamil-language plays. [329] As of 2012[update], there are 120 cinema screens and multiplexes. [145], Being the capital of the Madras Province that covered a vast area of the Deccan region, Chennai remained the centre of politics in the southern region of India during the British colonial era. [377], The other means of road transport in the city include vans, regionally known as Maxi Cabs, auto rickshaws, on-call metered taxis and tourist taxis.[378]. According to the Tamil Nadu Generation and Distribution Corporation Limited (TANGEDCO), as of 2013[update], the city consumes about 20 percent of the electricity in the state of Tamil Nadu. The fair is typically held for about 10 days between the last week of December and the third week of January. ; India ranks number 2 in the list of countries (and dependencies) by population. Muslims with 18.56% population forms the second largest religious community in the city. [158] The city's sewer system was designed in 1910, with some modifications in 1958. Many of them live in Royapuram. [61] They resisted a French siege attempt in 1759 under the leadership of Eyre Coote. [383] The first Tamil newspaper, Swadesamitran, was launched in 1899. Name Status Population Census (Cf) 1991-03-01 Population Census (Cf) 2001-03-01 ... Chennai [Madras] Aggl: 5,421,985: 6,560,242: 8,653,521: Some areas of the city have the problem of excess iron content in groundwater. The highest annual rainfall recorded is 257 cm (101 in) in 2005. [266], Many software and software services companies have development centres in Chennai, which contributed 14 percent of India's total software exports of ₹ 14,42,140 lakh during 2006–07, making it the second largest Indian city software exporter following Bangalore. The initial provisional data released by census India 2011, shows that density of Chennai district for 2011 is 26,553 people per sq. Chidambaram Stadium established in 1916 is among the oldest cricket stadiums in India. However, the post-Independence re-organisation of Indian states according to linguistic and ethnic basis has moderated Tamil nationalism, especially the demand for separation from the Indian Union. Comparison of carbon emissions per country. The population density of the city of Chennai is 17,000 people per square kilometre. [326] About 85 percent of the room demand in Chennai comes from business travellers. The 2019 population density in India is 460 people per Km 2 (1,190 people per mi 2), calculated on a total land area of 2,973,190 Km2 (1,147,955 sq. [4] Captain Thomas Bowrey in his 1670 book Countries around the Bay of Bengal gives one of the earliest estimates for the population of the city. For example, Monaco, a principality located on France’s Mediterranean coast, is 2.02 square kilometers in size and has around 26,000 people per square kilometer. The entire east coast is vulnerable to cyclones during the monsoon period. [342] The largest park is the 358-acre Tholkappia Poonga, developed to restore the fragile ecosystem of the Adyar estuary. [412] It was introduced in 1864 with the foundation of the Madras Cricket Club. [48], The Pallavas of Kanchi built the areas of Mahabalipuram and Pallavaram during the reign of Mahendravarman I. On 20 June 2013, the city consumed the highest of 52,785 MU. Chennai has sister city relationships with the following cities of the world: "Madras" redirects here. [350][351][352] Major ones include Express Avenue (EA), Citi Centre, Abirami mega mall, Spencer Plaza, Ampa Skywalk, Phoenix Market City and Forum Vijaya Mall. According to the UN, Delhi … [166] In market areas, the conservancy work is done during the night. The metropolitan suburbs are policed by the Chennai Metropolitan Police, headed by the Chennai Police Commissionerate, and the outer district areas of the CMDA are policed by the Kanchipuram and Thiruvallur police departments. 2G Mobile internet connections are provided by all the operators and 4G, 3G mobile broadband are provided by few operators in the city. 3 days ago. It was ranked the 43rd-most visited city in the world for the year 2015. 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