[38] On 13 July, Santokhi was elected president by acclamation in an uncontested election. Thus all heard about the beautiful Paramaribo, the city of dawn, which sang the legendary rock band "Quarter". The lowest point is an unnamed location along the coastal plain at -6.5ft (-2m) below the sea level. Students take a test in the end of elementary school to determine whether they will go to the MULO (secondary modern school) or a middle school of lower standards like LBO. Natural resources: Bauxite, gold, oil, iron ore, other minerals; forests; hydroelectric potential; fish and shrimp. You can propose maps to improve as well. Coordinates: .mw-parser-output .geo-default,.mw-parser-output .geo-dms,.mw-parser-output .geo-dec{display:inline}.mw-parser-output .geo-nondefault,.mw-parser-output .geo-multi-punct{display:none}.mw-parser-output .longitude,.mw-parser-output .latitude{white-space:nowrap}4°N 56°W / 4°N 56°W / 4; -56. As a plantation colony, Suriname had an economy dependent on labor-intensive commodity crops. The Javanese language is somewhat used by the descendants of Javanese indentured labourers. The city is located on the Suriname River, approximately 15 kilometres (9.3 mi) inland from the Atlantic Ocean, in the Paramaribo district. The two countries work together through the Caribbean Basin Security Initiative (CBSI) and the U.S. President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR). This is a legacy of centuries of Dutch rule, which entailed successive periods of forced, contracted, or voluntary migration by various nationalities and ethnic groups from around the world. Beginning in the 16th century, French, Spanish and English explorers visited the area. The Netherlands in July 2014 dropped Suriname as a member of its development program. Annual growth rate real GDP (2010 est. [14] Opponents of the military regime attempted counter-coups in April 1980, August 1980, 15 March 1981, and again on 12 March 1982. Before it became a cathedral it was a theatre. 4–1, 2), RBN (Ch. The largest ethnic group are the East Indians which form about 27.4% of the population. [56], Located in the upper Coppename River watershed, the Central Suriname Nature Reserve has been designated a UNESCO World Heritage Site for its unspoiled forests and biodiversity. The two main mountain ranges are the Bakhuys Mountains and the Van Asch Van Wijck Mountains. The first President of the country was Johan Ferrier, the former governor, with Henck Arron (the then leader of the NPS) as Prime Minister. Find out where is Suriname located. This plantation can be reached only by boat via Domburg, in the north central Wanica District of Suriname. The Maroons gradually developed several independent tribes through a process of ethnogenesis, as they were made up of slaves from different African ethnicities. Economic growth slowed in 1998, with decline in the mining, construction, and utility sectors. The country can be divided into two main geographic regions. It prides itself on its thoroughly multi-ethnic culture, a colourful blend of indigenous Indian traditions and those of its former Dutch colonisers and the African, Javanese and Hindustani workers they once brought with them. 8–1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6), Apintie (Ch. Many Boeroes left after independence in 1975. Neighbouring countries are: Brazil, French Guiana & Guyana. [5] The Surinamese populace is characterized by its high level of diversity, wherein no particular demographic group constitutes a majority. Paramaribo. This event became popularly known as the "Telephone Coup". The country's highest point is Julianatop, at an elevation of 4,035ft (1,230m). It is the smallest independent country on the South American continent. Suriname is party to the Cotonou Agreement, the partnership agreement among the members of the African, Caribbean and Pacific Group of States and the European Union. In the elections held on Tuesday, 25 May 2010, the Megacombinatie won 23 of the National Assembly seats followed by Nationale Front with 20 seats. This sovereign state is also known as the Republic of Suriname, and it is located on the northeastern Atlantic Coast of South America. Other kickboxing world champions include Rayen Simson, Melvin Manhoef, Tyrone Spong, Jairzinho Rozenstruik and Regian Eersel. It is bordered by Brazil to the south; by French Guiana to the east; by Guyana to the west and by the North Atlantic Ocean to the north. Suriname also receives military funding from the U.S. Department of Defense. Suriname also has a national korfball team, with korfball being a Dutch sport. The society was chartered to manage and defend the colony. If the student has fewer points, he/she will go into the business courses or fail the grade. [42], Due to Suriname's Dutch colonial history, Suriname had a long-standing special relationship with the Netherlands. [95] This was ahead of the US (47th), the UK (28th), and France (38th). From 1861 to 1863, with the American Civil War underway, and enslaved people escaping to Northern territory controlled by the Union, United States President Abraham Lincoln and his administration looked abroad for places to relocate people who were freed from enslavement and who wanted to leave the United States. Tax revenues fell as old taxes lapsed and the government failed to implement new tax alternatives. This is a legacy of centuries of Dutch rule, which entailed successive periods of forced, contracted, or voluntary migration by various nationalities and ethnic groups from around the world. 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