On the morning of May 29, 1453 the Ottomans entered Constantinople through breaches in the walls between Edirne and Top Kapi. The Topkapı Palace is atop the first hill of seven that endow Istanbul’s terrain. The Ottoman Palace is a 5-star hotel located 6.2 mi from the center of Antakya and 7.5 mi from Hatay Airport. In 1517, Ottoman Sultan Selim I captured the Caliph in Cairo and adopted the term; Caliph is a disputed title that commonly means the leader of the Muslim world. The Ottoman use of the term ended in 1924 when the empire was replaced by the Republic of Turkey. This is the Gate of Salutations, entrance to the Second Courtyard. Osman I, also called Osman Gazi, (born c. 1258—died 1324 or 1326), ruler of a Turkmen principality in northwestern Anatolia who is regarded as the founder of the Ottoman Turkish state. The Ottoman rulers used the term sultan for almost their entire dynasty. During the reign of the Ottoman Empire, any unarmed person could enter through the Imperial Gate. It was the home of the Ottoman Sultans and people of the palace until the mid-19th century, and in 1924, after the found of the Republic, Atatürk had it converted into a museum. From Ottoman period: Old Palace: First Ottoman palace built in Istanbul after the Conquest of Constantinople in 1453. Topkapi Palace served as the seat of the Divan, the supreme executive and judicial council of the Ottoman Empire. The Topkapı was a city-palace with a population of approximately 4,000 people, covering an area of 70 hectares (173 acres). Opening ceremony of the First Ottoman Parliament at the Dolmabahçe Palace in 1876. The first courtyard (sometimes called the Outer Courtyard) is the largest and only public courtyard. The basic plan of the palace, essentially a succession of open courtyards, gardens, and lavish pavilions, was laid out by Mehmet II between 1459 and 1465. First Ottoman Buildings You may wish to see an introductory page to this section first. The First Courtyard, which was open to the public, was the service area of the palace consisting of a hospital, a bakery, an arsenal, the mint, storage places, and some dormitories. It contained dozens of gardens, courtyards … Dolmabahce Palace witnessed the last era of Ottoman Empire and first era of the Republic. The First Constitutional Era lasted for only two years until 1878. It was located at Bayezit, on the grounds of Istanbul University today. Osman I or Osman Ghazi (Ottoman Turkish: عثمان غازى ‎, romanized: Ê¿Osmān ĠāzÄ«; Turkish: I. Osman or Osman Gazi; died 1323/4), sometimes transliterated archaically as Othman, was the leader of the Ottoman Turks and the founder of the Ottoman dynasty.The dynasty bearing his name later established and ruled the Ottoman Empire (first known as the Ottoman Beylik or Emirate). Dolmabahce Palace: Dolmabahce Palace was built between the years 1843 and 1856 with the order of Sultan Abdulmecid who was the 31st Ottoman Sultan. Both the name of the dynasty and the empire that the dynasty established are derived from the Arabic form (Ê¿Uthmān) of his name.. Osman was descended from the Kayı branch of the Oğuz Turkmen. The Ottoman Constitution and Parliament were restored 30 years later with the Young Turk Revolution in 1908. For many of these years, the Ottoman Sultan would live in the elaborate Topkapi palace complex in Istanbul. The palace houses the world famous 86 carat Spoonmaker's Diamond. First courtyard. It offers air-conditioned guestrooms, an outdoor pool with sun-lounger terrace, and spa facilities including indoor pool, fitness room and Finnish bath. Built between the years 1460-1478 by Fatih Sultan Mehmet, it expanded over time. 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