Thus, then, experience and acquaintance with business is required in judges; because none but the practiced are competent for the management of business. These be the words which Moses spake unto all Israel on this side Jordan in the wilderness, in the plain over against the Red sea, between Paran, and Tophel, and Laban, and Hazeroth, and Dizahab. Praecepique vobis tempore illo onmia quae facere deberetis. MP3s by Chapter. — John Calvin, commentary on Exodus 20:12 and Deuteronomy 5:16 The commentary of John Wesley on the commandment to honour father and mother is consistent with the interpretation in the Catechism of the Catholic Church. The subject of Exodus and Leviticus was meeting God in His sanctuary. Beyond their scholarly usefulness, Calvin’s commentaries are quite pastoral.  "Quibus antea manseratis." The Ten Commandments. Loquutus sum haec apud vos sed non audistis, ac rebelles fuistis ori Jehovae, et temere egistis ut ascenderetis in montem. Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you. 7. Elsewhere, retaining a portion of this similitude, Moses compares God to an eagle,  who bears her young upon her wings, and teaches them to fly. b) The words "the place which the Lord your God shall choose" (for the place of worship) appears 21 times from chap. Then ye answered and said unto me. 28. 27. ... Calvin's Commentary on the Bible; Bible Study Resources. He adduces as the cause the immense multitude amongst whom there must necessarily arise many strifes and controversies. In which respect He gave an extraordinary proof of His indulgence, that previous to their entering the land, He renewed His covenant about forty years after its first promulgation, and added a clear exposition of it, because He had then to do with a new generation. And when ye had girded on every man his weapons of war, ye were ready to go up into the hill. Richard Bennett. Notwithstanding ye would not go up, but rebelled against the commandment of the Lord your God: 26. He here appeals to the testimony of their own conscience; for they never would have been brought to weeping and prayers, except by the force of their own feelings. 45. Itaque egressus est Amorrhaeus qui habitabat in monte in occursum vestri, et vos persequuti sunt, quemadmodum facere solent apes, et contriverunt vos in Seir usque Horma. It, is plain from the context, where Moses forbids the making a distinction between small and great, what is meant by "acknowledging persons." ... Calvin's Commentary on the Bible; Bible Study Resources. On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying.  The third may be taken either actively or passively; some therefore translate it known or tried; but here the active sense is most suitable. And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought.  "Et non sans cause;" and not without reason. I have shown elsewhere what is meant by God's hearing, i.e., that nothing can be concealed from Him, but that tie will take account of and judge all our words and deeds And this is worthy of our observation; for men would never dare to murmur against Him, unless they promised themselves impunity  from His not being present. 16. After he had slain Sihon the king of the Amorites, which dwelt in Heshbon, and Og the king of Bashan, which dwelt at Astaroth in Edrei: On this side Jordan, in the land of Moab, began Moses to declare this law, saying. It is Kadesh-barnea to which Moses refers, from whence the spies had been sent forth; and not the Kadesh where Miriam died, and where the people murmured for want of water. He, therefore, uses the image of bearing, because the way would have been by no means passable unless God had borne them, as it were, on His shoulders, just as a father is wont to bear his infant child. 1. First, it marks the transition to a new generation; for with the exception of Caleb and Joshua, and Moses himself, the old generation which came up from Egypt and was numbered at Sinai, had passed away, and a new generation had grown up. The people of Israel had been pointed to the blessings in Canaan while yet in the wilderness and similarly Paul was occupied with Christ the Lord in glory while still on earth. 11. Again, he does not here mention the same virtues as in Exodus 18; but only distinguishes the judges by three qualifications, viz., that they should be wise, and understanding, and experienced, all of which are comprised under one head, that they should possess acuteness of intellect and prudence, confirmed by experience and practice; for neither the greatest probity nor diligence would be sufficient; for the office of ruler, apart from skill and sagacity. And ye came near unto me every one of you, and said, We will send men before us, and they shall search us out the land, and bring us word again by what way we must go up, and into what cities we shall come. Dixi vobis in tempore illo, dicendo, Non possum solus ferre vos. Deuteronomy 4:1. Since, then, they were abundantly convinced, that a just punishment was inflicted upon their obstinacy, necessity drove them to seek after God: consequently they had no cause to complain, though God manifested Himself to be implacable. The Lord will strike you on the knees and legs with sore boils, from which you cannot be healed, from the sole of your foot to the crown of your head. Dixit autem mihi Jehova, Dic eis, Ne ascendatis, neque pugnetis: quia non sum in medio vestri, et ne percutiamini coram inimicis vestris. Therefore a renewed repetition of the law for the whole people after such a long time was quite appropriate and necessary. 20. These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at @Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede. Deuteronomy 18:11. Use features like bookmarks, note taking and highlighting while reading Commentary on Deuteronomy. 29. 5. And the Lord heard the voice of your words. Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against the Lord, we will go up and fight, according to all that the Lord our God commanded us. -- Hence our interpreter has omitted this Hebrew repetition as redundant, and strange to Latin ears. And yet, so does hypocrisy blind men's minds, that they imagined they were correcting and compensating for the evil which they doubled. Deuteronomy 28:34. After the Psalms and the Prophet Isaiah Deuteronomy belongs to the most referred to books of the Old Testament. Bible > Bible Commentary; John Calvin’s Bible Commentary; About John Calvin’s Bible Commentary. Behold, the Lord thy God hath set the land before thee; go up and possess it, as the Lord God of thy fathers hath said unto thee; fear not, neither be discouraged. The LORD our God spake unto us in Horeb, saying, Ye have dwelt long enough in this mount: Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Amorites, and unto all. 42. 18. Calvin’s immediate movement to preach one book after another is what Gerstner calls ‘chain preaching.’ He spent, for example, one year preaching through Job, a year and a half on Deuteronomy (200 sermons), and three years on Isaiah (350 sermons). 13. But although judges often inflict injury upon the poor and wretched out of contempt of them, yet Moses adverts to the more common fault, when he charges them "to be afraid of no man;" since it very often happens that those who are otherwise just, and disposed to study what is equitable and right, are made to swerve through fear of the threats of the powerful, and dare not; manfully encounter their ill will. Profecti de Horeb perambulavimus totam solitudinem magnam et terribilem hanc quam vidistis per viam montis Emorrhaei, quemadmodum praeceperat Jehova Deus noster nobis, ac pervenimus usque ad Cades Barnea. Philip Smith. Moreover, your little ones. Then ye answered and said unto me, We have sinned against the LORD, we will go up and fight, according to all that the LORD our God commanded us. The Lord your God, which goeth before you, he shall fight for you, according to all that he did for you in Egypt before your eyes; 30. Sermon Manuscripts and Commentaries. 42. The unity of the Pentateuch and the fact that Moses is the author of it have often been denied since the 19th century. Online Resource Library Return to PrayerRequest.com | Commentary Index | Bible Index | Search | Prayer Request | Download John Calvin Complete Commentary - Deuteronomy (Show All Books) Verse Commentaries: 9. 8. (2 Chronicles 19:6.). Study Deuteronomy using John Calvin’s Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse meaning. Deuteronomy 6:1. In all, he preached 200 sermons, expounding the book in detail and making applications to the social and political life of Geneva, as well as to the personal lives of her citizens. And ye returned and wept before the Lord. What then could be more monstrous than that, in opposition to God's will, and when the hope of His assistance was withdrawn, they should engage in what they had just before obstinately refused to attempt under His auspices, and by His command, and with the sure promise of success? C. had already said in his Commentary on Exodus 1:10, that the Hebrews often used this epithet in an ill sense, but the assertion is scarcely tenable. And, in point of fact, wherever there is a sufficient capacity of intellect, equity and rectitude will prevail, unless respect to persons influences the judge. (Matthew 4:4; Matthew 4:7; Matthew 4:10). We know that He chooses according to His own will those whom He destines to any charge, so that the dignity of men may depend upon His gratuitous favor. Take you wise men, and understanding, and known among your tribes, and I will make them rulers over you. Calvin's Commentaries, Vol. Yet in these words he reminds them that the burden of government would become daily more arduous and weighty; whereby he may more readily persuade them to provide at once for what could not be eventually avoided. Exodus . 40. These four precepts, which all condemn strange medleys, I doubt not to be supplements of the First Commandment; and the reason, which is subjoined in Deuteronomy, directs us to this, where God declares that the produce of the seed and of the vineyard is polluted, if there be divers mixtures. 3 Not with our ancestors did the L ord make this covenant, but with us, who are all of us here alive today. 16. And this is the most desirable kind c f liberty, that we should not be compelled to obey every' person who may be tyrannically put over our heads; but which allows of election, so that no one should rule except he be approved of by us. Surely there shall not one of these men of this evil generation see that good land, which I sware to give unto your fathers. Deuteronomy . Moreover, your little ones, which ye said should be a prey, and your children, which in that day had no knowledge between good and evil, they shall go in thither, and unto them will I give it, and they shall possess it. The reason I bought a kindle … 25. Clicked on 1 Timothy 3:1-7, it brought me to Exodus 23:5; clicked on 1 Timothy 3:8-13, -> Deuteronomy 22:4. Ye shall not respect persons in judgment, but ye shall hear the small as well as the great; ye shall not be afraid of the face of man; for the judgment is God's: and the cause that is too hard for you, bring it unto me, and I will hear it. Date ex vobis viros sapientes et intelligentes, et peritos e tribubus vestris, ut praeficiam illos vobis. c) When the Lord Jesus was tempted of the devil in the wilderness He three times replied: "It is written." Deuteronomy 28:36. 21. swore unto your fathers, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob, to give unto them, and to their seed after them. Secondly, we learn from hence, that God, who is a just Judge, does not proceed hastily and without cause to inflict punishment on men, and that He does not manifest severity without a full examination of the case. An EasyEnglish Bible Version and Commentary (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of Deuteronomy. 11. And I said unto you, Ye are come unto the mountain of the Amorites, which the LORD our God doth give unto us. Et reversi flevistis coram Jehova: sed non exaudivit Jehova vocem vestram, nec auscultavit vobis. Now therefore hearken, O Israel, unto the statutes and unto the judgments, which I teach you, for to do them, that ye may live, and go in and possess the land which the LORD God of your fathers giveth you. These are the words that Moses spoke to all Israel beyond the Jordan—in the wilderness, on the plain opposite Suph, between Paran and Tophel, Laban, Hazeroth, and Di-zahab. He signifies that they had been most prejudiced observers of the works of God, since His power, so often experienced and. No doubt he is here recounting what had before happened; therefore he confesses himself, from his own personal feelings, unequal to bearing the burden, if he alone is set over the whole people. 35. Yet, at the same time we are taught by these words that all posts of command are sacred to God, so that whosoever are called to them should reverently and diligently serve God, and ever reflect that His is the dominion whereof they are the ministers. In Joshua 8:32-35 explicit reference is made to Deuteronomy 27:8-12 as "all that Moses the servant of the Lord had commanded before". 22. Sermon Manuscripts and Commentaries. Leviticus . Et respondistis et dixistis ad me, Peccavimus Jehovae: nos ascendemus et pugnabimus omnino sicut prancepit nobis Jehova Deus noster. So I took the chief of your tribes, wise men, and known, and made them heads over you, captains ever thousands, and captains over hundreds, and captains over fifties, and captains over tens, and officers among your tribes. This commentary has been through Advanced Checking. (John 7:24.) 13. When He limits this grace to their little ones, whose age did not yet allow them to discern between good and evil, He signifies that all who had already arrived at the years of reason, were, from the least to the greatest, accomplices in the crime, since the contagion had spread through the whole body. 14. Etiam parvuli vestri, de quibus dixistis, In praedam erunt, ac filii vestri, qui non norunt hodie bonum nec malum, ipsi intrabunt illuc, illisque dabo eam, et ipsi possidebunt eam. This place was Jerusalem although the name of the city does not appear in the Pentateuch. 2 (By the way of Mount Seir it takes eleven days to reach Kadesh-barnea from Horeb.) Elsewhere he says that they also wept; here he only speaks of their murmuring, which better suited his reproof. But the main purpose of the book is the preparation of the people of Israel for the passage through Jordan and the entrance into the land of Canaan that had been promised by Jehovah. Jehova Deus noster loquutus est nobis in Horeb, dicendo: Sat vobis est habitasse in monte isto. In relation to this also, he says, that God marked out the places and stations where they should pitch their camp, for, unless it had been His design to guide them onwards, this change of places would have been superfluous. by John Calvin. And the Amorites, which dwelt in that mountain, came out against you, and chased you, as bees do, and destroyed you in Seir, even unto Hormah. How can I myself alone bear your cumbrance, and your burden, and your strife? And they took of the fruit of the land in their hands, and brought it down unto us, and brought us word again, and said, It is a good land which the Lord our God doth give us. But when he says, "beside the covenant, which he made with them in Horeb," (Deuteronomy 29:1,) necessary that the Decalogue should be more fully explained, lest its brevity should render it obscure to an ignorant and slow-hearted people. Qui abierunt et ascenderunt in montem, veneruntque usque ad vallem Eschol, et exploraverunt eam. I have received 22 volumes, but did not receive copy of "Beveridge edition of Calvin's Insittutes" as stated. 34. Some, rendering the verb in the pluperfect tense, "in which we had remained there,"  suppose that they still abode there another forty days. 44. And I charged your judges at that time, saying, Hear. For in the word dvr, dabar, which we have translated thing, he embraces all the proofs whereby God had testified, that in Him alone there was all that was necessary to insure their complete salvation. I. Turn you, and take your journey, and go to the mount of the Arnorites, and unto all the places nigh thereunto, in the plain, in the hills, and in the vale, and in the south, and by the sea-side, to the land of the Canaanites, and unto Lebanon, unto the great river, the river Euphrates. As to what he says of their increase, the commencement of its period must not be taken from the Exodus, but he commemorates the extraordinary and incredible favor of God, because they had so largely multiplied under the cruel tyranny when they were doomed to total destruction; and he adds a prayer, that for the future also the same blessing may attend them. These electronic texts of Calvin's Commentaries were prepared through the labor of volunteers for the OnLine Bible project and the Christian Classics Ethereal Library in conjunction with the good folks at Ages Software.Much work in programming and editing was done by Skip Gaede.  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