], I don't know why you decided to place yourself into the camp of terrorists.]. We can remember where we were, who we were with. JAD: Okay, so that guy, he was one of the first folks we called to help us decode this. General Suleimani also approved the attacks on the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad that took place this week." But it still raises democratic concerns if the American people don't really know who the executive branch believes is covered by the AUMF. according to Averil Coxhead's Academic Word List (2000) large integer - an integer equal to or greater than ten. It uses shortcut method for the calculation and explains the steps using animation. GREGORY JOHNSEN: There are people around her who are sort of whispering. The different spellings of a words are highlighted throughout the course, and you can choose whether you would prefer to take a British English or an American English version of a … You know, only Congress can declare a war. ], [ARCHIVE CLIP, DoD Official: And their associated forces. more information about Sloan at www.sloan.org.]. This is Daniel Klaidman, he's a journalist. . So there was a lot of uncertainty about what to do. They had never struck out against the United States or against American interests in the region. And by the way, it's really well-lawyered, is he announces a set of rules going forward for drone strikes. And ... JAD: And the place to start is a difficult one. And how does this work? This is a very ...]. Another plane just hit! Think of the bigger picture.". Cover Letter Template – 60+ (for Word, PDF Format) Share This! So then why could people cite something that isn't in the text? And, in an attempt to connect with the youth, even Nixon used it in his presidential campaign in 1972 . You just had to go back 50 years ... [ARCHIVE CLIP, Lyndon B. Johnson: My fellow Americans, as President and Commander-In-Chief ...]. Bring the troops home now!]. Oh, there's another one. And he didn't want to act alone. 1. ROBERT: Let me just see if I can understand what you just said. And if we're gonna be fighting them even when we're not technically at war with them, then what's the difference between war and peace? . People were nodding. So at that moment with the memorial service about to start, and a few hours until the House vote, Barbara Lee was at the Capitol. You couldn't simply under Harold Koh's theory go after, say, a driver or a cook who was in Al-Qaeda, or even foot soldiers, because they were fungible. (Plus, new words seem to be added to the English language every day.) You get to the mention of the enemy. ROBERT: Are you referring to something specific? That is not in the AUMF. [ARCHIVE CLIP, Barack Obama: America does not take strikes to punish individuals. And so at 10:16 am, September 14, 2001 ... Later in the day, the resolution would go to the House where Barbara Lee was a representative. GREGORY JOHNSEN: The Michael Hastings National Security Reporting Fellow at BuzzFeed. Before they get together in this meeting ... JAD: Many of the folks at this meeting he says, are given a little packets of information on each target. Because now the group in Yemen, Al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula, which is a group that -- that was first formed in 2009, they have their own hierarchy and their own structure. Another plane just hit! If the answer had been 99 times yes, and one time no? Explains why so many vintage and eco-friendly clothing stores today have threads as part of their store name. With that happening, we wanted to play an episode which I think really puts this situation in a much larger context. A term purloined from early American blues (Blind Boy Fuller sang, “Truckin’ My Blues Away” in the 1930s), truckin’ throughout the late ‘60s and early ’70s meant "to walk, or strut, with a certain goal or focus; the opposite of wandering aimlessly.". TIM KAINE: They join a group that has just become associated with Al-Qaeda. And then as soon as President Bush steps down, everyone in the congregation stands up. Which is why a lot of congressmen and women voted for it. Other hippie threads included peasant blouses, granny dresses, and other colorful items made from natural fibers. This sentence is sufficient. In other words, who we are or aren't at war with. So by default, we're at war with Italy too. BARBARA LEE: You know, and my dad had been in Korea and World War II. He had to act. Those attacks came and they came and they came. JAD: It sounds like a sort of the legal version of a Choose Your Own Adventure in a way. This hour was produced by Kelsey Padgett and Matthew Kielty and myself. Little black book. And so much hinges on how you define those words. When you consider how long Word has been around, it’s no surprise the application has evolved past creating only simple documents. Clearly, people have died. JAD: Longer than Vietnam. And, you know, we've looked at how the sentence has defined our last 12 years of counterterrorism. Bald hippies separated themselves from chrome-domes by wearing headbands and by growing beards or long sideburns. Thank you very much, everybody. That's the only way to express it. Today We've devoted the entire -- we're continuing to devote the entire show to a single sentence. I'm gonna play it for you as we originally put it out, and then on the back end we'll talk a little bit about how this all relates to the current situation that's unfolding. So it is a three-paragraph statement. Like Yogi Berra on one side, and then you got his batting average and his hometown on the back. And the Pentagon emailed me back and they said, "That list is classified and not for public release.". Does it ever come up? TIM KAINE: You tell me if -- if somebody is born ... [ARCHIVE CLIP, Tim Kaine: ... after 9/11.]. Maybe you should introduce us to Barbara Lee. DANIEL KLAIDMAN: And that's very strong language coming from a lawyer. And so if you say, "Well, these are associated groups," well then certain people just move from group A to Group B. That's what history advises. We're shocked. BARBARA LEE: And then I don't know what it was, it may have been the spirit moving me, I don't know. So it's a little bit of Choose Your Own Adventure, but it's also perhaps more importantly, it's we need all the adventures in order to -- because if you just rely on the self-defense and troop defense thing then the question becomes well, what are the troops even doing there, right? JAD: For Koh, if you're gonna target a guy, he has to be a senior member of a group like Al-Qaeda. ], TIM KAINE: And without hesitation, the administration witnesses said, "Yes. Radiolab is produced by WNYC and distributed by NPR. We can do that. And he has to be unique within the organization. Everything. RON DELLUMS: To be perfectly honest with you, I said some prayers for my friend. This was -- this was a very heated meeting. And I've covered national security and counterterrorism for many years. At the time, their leader had sworn allegiance to Osama Bin Laden, but their agenda was primarily a local agenda. So you've got the top lawyer at the State Department and the top lawyer at the Pentagon facing off as to whether this fellow Robow from Al-Shabaab should live or die. It is also the case that we have started to confront a variety of issues in which the -- even the endlessly stretchy and elastic AUMF does not obviously get you to. We bet your yearbooks are full of this send-off. Makes perfect sense if you think of it in traditional war terms because, like, we're at war with Germany. Can we legally kill this person? Oh my God, it was not quite what I expected in a memorial service. Fast forward two days, September 13th. Men got this haircut when they joined the Army. ], [ARCHIVE CLIP: We will rally behind our President. So there you have situating the current threat claim against a past pattern and practice of a robust series of attacks that in fact killed a lot of such people. The U.S. is at war, that's clear. ROBERT: You mean, is that -- is it okay to do that? Can we legally kill this person? It's a very forward and almost aggressive sounding. JAD: And we asked him like, "Okay, so detention isn't anywhere in this document. It could also though, act as a disincentive for you to take action. A little black book is a small notebook with names and phone numbers of current and potential dating candidates (interpret how you will).. Playboy-magazine powerhouse Hugh Hefner kept a little black book—full of codes and secret phone numbers—which has since found its way into the … And so if you say, "Well, these are associated groups," well then certain people just move from group A to Group B. All of these friends are coming up to her and saying, "You've got to go back. That's a wrap. JAD: And if we're gonna be fighting them even when we're not technically at war with them, then what's the difference between war and peace? BARBARA LEE: Yeah. So does this make them an associated force, or does it make them part of Al-Qaeda? Now at that moment, Barbara Lee ... GREGORY JOHNSEN: She hadn't decided how it is that she was gonna vote. And then you don't have to go to Congress at all. JAD: But how? Literally hundreds of people. [ARCHIVE CLIP, Tom Daschle: No Senator voted in the negative.]. You use it 13 times in your statement. Are you happy?]. DANIEL KLAIDMAN: This was a meeting between the top lawyer at the Defense Department, a man named Jeh Johnson, and the top lawyer at the State Department who was then ... JAD: And according to Dan's sources, Harold Koh and Jeh Johnson were faced with determining the fate of a 40-year-old man, roughly 40, named ... ROBERT: Sheikh Mukhtar Robow. This is the version. And it seems to be very limited language. GREGORY JOHNSEN: Man by the name of Timothy Flanagan. They're not participating in the call, but they're taking notes. All content on this website, including dictionary, thesaurus, literature, geography, and other reference data is for informational purposes only. One sentence. ], A plane has crashed into the World Trade Center. When do we want to attack the enemy? Who is the enemy? But, you know, since this was the early '60s. So now we're talking about contemporary activity. not sexually, of course. JAD: You get to the mention of the enemy. There's a lot of debate and a lot of discussion. All translations are copyrighted to the rightful owners. To be perfectly honest with you, I said some prayers for my friend. It is a kind of a crazy expansion of what I had thought the parameters of our legal fight against terrorism looked like. Today, a collaboration with BuzzFeed. And all the while, according to Ben Wittes and pretty much everyone we spoke with, we haven't really answered the big questions. At a Committee hearing ... A U.S. This is another one that died when smartphones took over. The reason Flanagan is sitting at a computer in an office is because then President George Bush had to do something. As long as you have a capacious enough understanding of what the word "imminent" means, you might be able to continue a whole lot of this stuff. ROBERT: Today We've devoted the entire -- we're continuing to devote the entire show to a single sentence. GREGORY JOHNSEN: All 98 of them vote yay. GREGORY JOHNSEN: She wanted to stay, she wanted to think. And then I don't know what it was, it may have been the spirit moving me, I don't know. Oh, yes. You just had to go back 50 years ... My fellow Americans, as President and Commander-In-Chief ...]. JAD: You can find all these letters archived at Mills College. But the truth is, it may have just been there from the beginning. Like a ... JAD: No, I'm referring to a general sense that somehow, like, Oz is out there behind the curtain pulling levers and I'm just always going to be stuck on this side, you know? And now a DoD official is saying add on 10 or 20 years? Right. Maybe they will just get quieter and more dangerous. It remains the legal basis for a whole lot of detention operations including Guantanamo Bay. JAD: For the previous two nights, September 12th and 13th, she'd stayed up late. So here we have a combination of every type of person ...]. You don't make decisions when you're mourning, afraid. But then the statement throws you a curveball, because the last paragraph reads, "This strike was aimed at deterring future Iranian attack plans. JAD: Boom. He told us that something like one in three people in his state of Virginia are connected to the military. ... and very confused. And so when I read Gregory's article, I felt like I understood something crucial for the first time, about the way words actually operate in the world. ], And without hesitation, the administration witnesses said, "Yes. People were nodding. JAD: I generally move through the world with the assumption -- which is -- which has been proven over and over again to be true -- that I don't know how the world works. I had the can of ginger ale in my hand and ran down the steps and got on the bus. TIM KAINE: How long do you think this particular war as declared in this section is going to go on? ... planned, authorized, committed or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored ...]. ", GREGORY JOHNSEN: One of them actually said to her, "Look, you've done so much on HIV, you've done so much on AIDS. [ARCHIVE CLIP, DoD Official: Senator, in my judgment this is gonna go on for quite a while and yes, beyond the second term of the President. ", In the 60s, if you said, “I dig it,” you understood what was going on. JAD: Speaking of the president, eventually President Bush takes the podium. Many of the folks at this meeting he says, are given a little packets of information on each target. ], I rise today in support of this resolution. Here's one that has a new meaning in today's internet world. About how these -- these words, these 60 words would start to grow and expand. Ben fears that what President Obama was doing there by stressing that word ... ... an imminent threat to the American people.]. Or is it only three links? Disclaimer. For example ... DANIEL KLAIDMAN: Seniority. ROBERT: Do you get asked sometimes by service families like, when is this gonna end? . A vocabulary list featuring The Top 60 Most Common Academic Words. Jeh Johnson argued vehemently that Robow was covered under the AUMF. ], [ARCHIVE CLIP: Gentleman from California is recognized for a minute and a half. The lyrics advise sharing, not bogarting, or "keeping to yourself," a marijuana joint. 1991, Iraq. BARBARA LEE: We've got to be unified with the President. DANIEL KLAIDMAN: You couldn't simply under Harold Koh's theory go after, say, a driver or a cook who was in Al-Qaeda, or even foot soldiers, because they were fungible. And so I don't actually know how to read the totality of that statement. . I think it's what motivates the show for me is that, like, I just -- I feel kind of stupid most of the time, and these shows are a way to engage the world and really examine the world. ], [ARCHIVE CLIP, Reverend Nathan Baxter: That as we act, we not become the evil we deplore.]. Several key leaders hope to avoid a repeat of the 1964 Tonkin Gulf resolution.]. That's next. We are here in the middle hour of our grief. GREGORY JOHNSEN: But then the question that has arisen over time, is how broad do you make that -- that circle? There's no clear start and ending. Has the House vote -- okay, the House has just now finished that vote, and we see one No vote.]. The committee meets today to receive testimony on the law of armed conflict ...]. It gives us all the power that we need. Hippies were counterculture, marijuana smoking, flower children from San Francisco’s Haight-Ashbury neighborhood and New York’s Greenwich Village. ], Mr. Speaker, members, I rise today really with a very heavy heart. [ARCHIVE CLIP, Reverend Nathan Baxter: When ancient Israel suffered the excruciating pain and tragedy of militant aggression and destruction ...]. Similarly, it’s snowing up north means "your bra strap is showing." And are we seeing what Benjamin Wittes was worrying about more than five years ago that it's some kind of imminent threat-type justification? Now it is the broad language of that document, most people believe, that opened the door to the worst part of the Vietnam War. He does a quick sort of search on his computer. So the lessons of Gulf of Tonkin and Vietnam, that was very much in the air in that meeting on September 13th, 2001. So I'm assuming that the Chairman of the House Intelligence Committee knows every item on that list. Who -- who are these groups? ROBERT: All necessary and appropriate force. She got them to pressure the school to change the rules. One gave the President the power to preempt any future acts of aggression against the United States. I generally move through the world with the assumption -- which is -- which has been proven over and over again to be true -- that I don't know how the world works. Still sounds like the people in Haight-Ashbury to us. . Both bread and dough were commonly used to refer to money in the ‘60s. The Executive hordes war powers. JAD: All of which sounds -- although it never really says it outright -- that there was some kind of imminent threat that needed to be dealt with. BEN WITTES: Yeah, that's exactly right. We have a drone overhead. Well, one of the things that became clear to me as I was reporting on this story was that many of the people who are making these decisions had never been elected by anyone to any position, and they were the ones who are making the decision, not the elected representative. We know it's a Democrat. JAD: We expect things will likely change pretty rapidly, and we'll do our best to update this episode as -- as they do. Speaking of the president, eventually President Bush takes the podium. Hello. Yeah. Barbara Lee, you are a traitor and a disgrace to the office that you hold.]. That's what history advises. Sixty American English Words and their British English Counterparts Although the Spellzone course was written in the UK, it covers both British English and American English spellings. Does this have anything to do with September 11th anymore? They're not participating in the call, but they're taking notes. Harold Koh's conclusion, based on the evidence and the intelligence that he saw ... Was that Robow was not externally-focused. Down Pennsylvania Avenue. I'm not sure. Microsoft Word templates are ready to use if you’re short on time and just need a fillable outline for a flyer, calendar, or brochure. And, even The Monkees jumped on board with their song titled just that (which appeared in the film Head). Which they did. JAD: You gotta ask yourself, "What is force? BEN WITTES: It is still doing a lot of work. All right. We're pretty sure this use of the word is still popular today . And whatever you think of her vote, whether you think it was the right thing to do or the wrong thing to do, what is interesting to me is that as we're sitting here looking back on 12 years of war, she was sitting there 12 years ago looking forward. Now available as a podcast, daily e … [ARCHIVE CLIP, Tom Daschle: Mr. Durban. ], [JOHN BELLINGER: Hi, it's John Bellinger at Arnold & Porter calling. 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