The pollutions of the world; those more gross wickednesses in which most of the world still lieth, 1 John 5:19. 1. The situation he described in 2 Peter 2:20 seems to be a real situation too. Но лжеучителя никогда искренне не обращались ко Христу. The fake teachers themselves are still the subjects, and what is affirmed of them is a state of relapse into the ‘pollutions’ (the word is peculiar to this passage, although another form of it occurs in 2 Peter 2:10) of heathenism from which they had once separated themselves. Spiritual Practice of Forgiveness $ 4.99 â $ 9.99 Select options; Deity of Yeshua, The $ 4.99 â $ 9.99 Select options; But let them be warned. St. Peter, in the last clause, is not speaking of the false teachers alone, but of those Christians also who were seduced by them; and in this verse, compared with 2 Peter 2:18; 2 Peter 2:21-22. This month we will consider another difficult passage in 2 Peter. Entangled therein, and overcome.—Or, entangled and overcome thereby, which, from the latter part of 2 Peter 2:19, seems to be the more probable construction. Scripture: Philippians 2:5-8, Hebrews 12:1-3, Luke 14:25-35, 2 Peter 2:20. Consider these disturbing facts about false teachers found in 2 Peter and in Jude (a close parallel to 2 Peter 2). Advocates of once-saved-always-saved try to argue that these people were never Christians in the first place, or simply marginal Christians. There are exegetical commentaries, scholarly and technical commentaries, as well as commentaries that are easy to understand. Peter didnot say where he was sending the letter. It would have been better for them, he says, not to have known the way of righteousness; for though there is no excuse for ignorance, yet the servant who knowingly and wilfully despises the commands of his lord, deserves a twofold punishment. knowledge — Greek, “full and accurate knowledge.”. This final impassioned plea to grow in Christian maturity (2Pe 1:5, 6, 7, 3:18) and guard against false teachers was precipitated by the fact that [Peter’s] time was short (2Peter 1:13, 14, 15) and that these congregations faced immediate danger (2Peter 2:1, 2, 3). 2 Peter 2:20â22 20 For if, after they have a escaped the defilements of the world by b the knowledge of the c Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again d entangled in them and are overcome, e the last state has become worse for them than the first. 2 Peter 2:22. You can find the best commentary on 2 Peter/Jude for you using the tools on the right side. Although at times God will surprise them with vessels specially prepared by Him. The words latter end are from a Greek word that is deﬁned "last state" in the lexicon. "Commentary on 2 Peter 2:20". Gospel of Christ, which, being only notionally received, may have But beyond that it does not go, neither can it be regarded as of decisive importance in regard to the different views of grace advocated by different schools of theology. 2. But coming from their polytheistic backgrounds it would take time for them to reach a basic understanding of what it was all about. Thus, it is with those who have been addicted to any habits of vice, and who profess to become religious, and then fall away. The ‘knowledge’ of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ which is attributed here to these apostates is the same kind of knowledge as has been already spoken of in chap. 2 Peter3:17-18 $ 2.00: 2 Peter Audio Commentary - Individual Sessions quantity. [Note: Thomas, p273.]. Study the bible online using commentary on 2 Peter 2 and more! Recently I received a question from a reader about 2 Peter 2:20-22. But it is one of the last passages in the Bible that should be addressed to prove that doctrine. on StudyLight.org 2 Peter 2 - But there were also false prophets among the people, just as there will be false teachers among you. Bengel, Hofmann, etc.) After they - the seducers 'themselves' have escaped (2 Peter 2:19; note, Hebrews 6:4; Hebrews 6:6). He testifies that the design of it is, to deliver us from the defilements of the world, and to lead us far away from them. Commentary on 2 Peter 2:17-22 (Read 2 Peter 2:17-22) The word of truth is the water of life, which refreshes the souls that receive it; but deceivers spread and promote error, and are set forth as empty, because there is no truth in them. 173-175, and also in my Commentary on Mark, pp. 2 Peter 2:20 For if, after they have escaped (AAPMPN) the defilements of the world by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in (APPMPN) them and are overcome (3PPPI) the last state has become (3SRAI) worse for them than the first. “Worse Off Than At The Beginning” 2 Peter 2:20-22 June 17, 2012 SI: This little letter from Apostle Peter takes you to the heights and to the depths. People may outwardly reform, and escape from the open corruptions which prevail around them, or which they had themselves practiced, and still have no true grace at heart. "This passage [ 2 Peter 2:20-22] is often quoted to prove the "possibility of falling from grace, and from a very high degree of it too." They may profess religion, and may Know enough of religion to understand that it requires them to abandon their vicious habits, and still never be true Christians. Most commentators have concluded, however, that "they" are the false teachers who have been the main subject of Peter"s warning throughout this chapter and in the immediately preceding verses ( 2 Peter 2:18-19). 2 Peter 3:10 "But the day of the Lord will come as a thief in the night; in the which the heavens shall pass away with a great noise, and the elements shall melt with fervent heat, the earth also and the works that are therein shall be burned up." professed, a reception of error and heresy, and a relapse into 2 Grace and peace be yours in abundance through the knowledge of God and of Jesus our Lord. Latter end is worse ... than the beginning. They are the one where he escaped from error and the one after he went back to it; of the two the second is worse. And yet the same truth would apply to their followers who had also escaped from defilements in the world (). Trickery Of Satan - The Doctrine Of Balaam Contributed by Anitha Jabastion on Jul 5, 2020 based on 1 rating | 1,294 views. The bearing of the passage, however, upon that doctrine is by no means so definite and absolute. the Shepherd, Sim. pollutions. Woods notes, ‘the antecedent of the pronoun “they” is the false teachers of the preceding verse’ (p. 176). That is a way of unrighteousness into which men are led by the wages of unrighteousness. избегнув скверн мира «Скверны» означали гнилые ядовитые испарения. For if, having escaped the pollutions of the world in the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, but having been again entangled in these, they are overcome, the last things have become to them worse than the first. Jude 6; other manuscripts in 2 Peter read âpits of Tartarus.â Tartarus : a term borrowed from Greek mythology to indicate the infernal regions. The words translated our God and savior Jesus Christ could also be rendered “our God and the savior Jesus Christ”; cf. (Leviticus 7:8, Jer. But, on the one hand, it is certainly unnatural to consider those to be the subjects here who are the objects in 2 Peter 2:18, especially as 2 Peter 2:19 has the same subject as 2 Peter 2:18; and, on the other, it would be more than surprising if the apostle did not, from here onwards, continue the description of those of whom the whole chapter speaks, but should, all of a sudden, treat of entirely different persons,—and this without in any way hinting at the transition from the one to the other; in addition to this, there is the circumstance that ἡττῶνται corresponds much too directly with ἥττηται. ‘It is also true….. that the apostate frequently goes deeper into sin, and with less restraint, than he did formerly.’. Context: Argument of the book of Second Peter deals with false teachers in the last days. Now if, after all this knowledge and reformation. The expression ‘entangled’ is a strong and significant one, being used e.g. γέγονεν αὐτοῖς … τῶν πρώτων] The same words are to be found in Matthew 12:45; Luke 11:26;(81) τὰ πρῶτα: the former condition, in which they were before their conversion; τὰ ἔσχατα: their subsequent condition, into which they have come after their falling away, i.e. Они слышали истинное Благовестие и принимали его, но впоследствии отвергли истинного Христа. They who live in vice, do not know Christ; but by the true knowledge of Christ men are freed from vice. The arrogant attitude is, ‘I can now do those things, without becoming addicted, etc..’ But such in impossible. τούτοις (i.e. Their "first" state was eternal damnation without having heard the gospel, but their "last" worse state was eternal damnation having rejected the gospel. “There were not only holy men of God among the Jews, who prophesied by divine inspiration, but there were also false prophets, whose prophecies were from their own imagination, and perverted many.” (Clarke) world lies in wickedness, and which are of a defiling nature: the For that the apostle doth not here speak of those that were rooted in Christ by a saving and heart purifying faith, appears by 2 Peter 2:14, where he calls them. Without any reason, Grotius would read: “ οἱ γάρ” instead of εἰ γάρ. Hebrews 10:26-27. Peterâs authorship of 2 Peter has been challenged more than that of any other book in the New Testament. . Blum, p282.] 2 Peter 1 Commentary; 2 Peter 2 Commentary; 2 Peter 3 Commentary; EXPOSITOR'S GREEK TESTAMENT Commentary on 2 Peter R H Strachan. ὅτι πᾶσα … οὐ γίνεται. We did not follow cunningly devised fables, when we made known to you the power and coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, but we were eyewitnesses of his majesty. of the world, in (element and condition of their escape) knowledge ( ἐπιγνώσει, genuine and accurate knowledge: shewing that he is treating of men who have not been mere professors of spiritual grace, but real possessors of it) of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ (expressed at length, to set forth more solemnly that from which they fall), but having again become entangled in these, they are overcome (the construction is ordinarily regarded as broken by the δέ, placed as if ἀποφύγωσιν and not ἀποφυγόντες had preceded: “if, after they have, &c., they are again entangled and overcome,” as E. V. But it is better to regard ἡττῶνται as the apodosis to both the participial clauses, and δέ as coupling them to each other), their last state is (we cannot say in English “has become,” for we thereby convey an idea that it was not always so, but has undergone a change) worse than the first ( αὐτοῖς, dat. joined with a becoming external conversation; and this their last This, the written teaching of the apostles and their associates, is the foundation of the church (Ephesians 2:20) preserved by … He felt that it dealt with unbelievers who knew about the gospel but had never really accepted it in their hearts. 2 Peter 3:7 REV and Commentary - But by the same word, the present heavens and earth have been preserved for fire, being ke - Bible verse 459-460). Search; Search for: Search for: 2 Peter 1:12-19 â Commentary on 2 Peter. For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. (Witham), 2 Peter 2:20 ‘For if after they have escaped the defilements of the world by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and are overcome, the last state has become worse for them than the first.’. Again entangled] As a bird in a gin, as a beast in a snare. 2-peter 2:20 For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ, they are again entangled therein, and overcome, the latter end is worse with them than the beginning. (1.) sinning; are like raging waves of the sea, foaming out their own 1870.return to 'Jump List'. 459-460). 10:1-12; Евр. The whole statement is introduced simply in confirmation of what was said in the previous verse of the bondage in which those live who are overcome of sin. Add to cart. incommodi. 12:45 ) . * Knowledge: a key term in the letter (2 Pt 1:3, 8; 2:20; 3:18), perhaps used as a Christian emphasis against gnostic claims. But the above word “knowledge” means full knowledge. Luke 1:77.) The sins of it, the governing vices of it, which the men of the world are addicted to, and immersed in; for the whole world lies in wickedness, and which are of a defiling nature: the phrase is Rabbinical; it is saidF17Zohar in Gen. fol. What does it mean to grow in grace? Cf.Matthew 12:45, Luke 11:26, and Hebrews 6:4-8; Hebrews 10:26. ‘For if after they have escaped’-There is some question concerning whether the “they” in this verse applies to the false teachers just mentioned or their converts. [Note: E.g, Duane A. Dunham, "An Exegetical Study of2Peter2:18-22," Bibliotheca Sacra140:557 (January-March1983):40-54.] 2 Peter 2:20-22. See 2 Peter 1:2, 2 Peter 1:3, 2 Peter 1:8. The knowledge of Jesus Christ, here implies not only knowledge in the Christian religion, in a general sense, but in Christian experience and practice. The problem is that such an interpretation makes Scripture contradict Scripture (cf. Salem Media Group. Copyright © 2021, Bible Study Tools. 2 Pt 1:11; 2:20; 3:2, 18. him, for it may be rendered "acknowledgment"; or rather the Thus, it is with those who have been addicted to any habits of vice, and who profess to become religious, and then fall away. Jesus Christ. And he exhibits the heinousness of the evil by a comparison; for it was no common sin to depart from the holy doctrine of God. 20.For if after. (20) L.). My understanding of the passage follows. [Note: Gangel, p874.] They have come among Christians in order to learn the truth, and as a result of being among them and worshipping with them, their past has dropped off. They have gone into a wrong way: they have erred and strayed from the way of life, and gone over into the path which leads to death, and takes hold of hell; and this he makes out by showing it to be the way of Balaam, the son of Bosor. 2 Peter 3:8-15a. i. 2.) If men have escaped. Biblical Commentary. (20) For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world.—Applying the general statement of the preceding verse to the case of these false teachers. embracing and professing the truth of the Christian religion, Through the knowledge of the Lord and Saviour Jesses Christ - Neither does This imply that they were true Christians, or that they had ever had any saving knowledge of the Redeemer. τὰ μιάσματα τοῦ κόσμου] τὰ μιάσματα, a form occurring only here; 2 Peter 2:10 : μιασμός. Apostates become worse than they were before their professed conversion. empleko. 1 Peter 1:14). For if God spared not the angels that sinned, but cast them down to hell, and delivered them into … The Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ - designating in full the great and gracious One from whom they fall. He then alone makes a right progress in the gospel who faithfully learns Christ; and he truly knows Christ, who has been taught by him to put off the old man and to put on the new man, as Paul reminds us in Ephesians 4:22 (174). After they have escaped (αποπυγοντες apophugontes). such an effect on men, as outwardly to reform their lives, at Calvary Tucson Teachings Archive: 2 Peter 1:12-19. Commentary on 2 Peter. Read 2 Peter 2 commentary using John Gill's Exposition of the Bible. (2 Peter) Peter's second letter (EasyEnglish Bible) Jesus will return (2 Peter) A Commentary by Hilda Bright and Helen Pocock Таким образом, они совершили отступничество как народ в Евр. (1) False teachers are not just a hypothetical possibility; they are a certainty. The knowledge is of the same mature and complete kind as that spoken of in 2 Peter 1:2-3; 2 Peter 1:8 (where see Notes), showing that these men were well-instructed Christians. Only here in New Testament. Christ. Their escape was possible because they had heard the gospel. "first" state was eternal damnation without having heard the gospel, but their "last" worse state was eternal damnation having rejected the gospel. the deceivers themselves: the ἥττηται and ἡττῶνται marking the identity) the pollutions (reff.) Greek. The âTop 10â list is based on aggregate reviews.. Greek. 2 Peter 2:20-21 New International Version (NIV). Peter clearly understands that Satan is somewhere in the picture, and he wants us to be encouraged, to be filled with hope, because these ungodly people, though they appear to be gaining strength, are still under God's control. If you purposely return to sin, it will be much worse than before and much more difficult to escape from!!! They are again entangled therein, and overcome; return to their old sins, yield up themselves to them, and continue in them. 3. I think it is more likely that the false teachers in view here, as in the rest of the chapter, were unsaved. εἰ γάρ] The reality, as frequently, expressed hypothetically. πᾶσα … οὐ need not be regarded as a Hebraism. 3. This entire chapter is a prophecy of the great apostasy foretold by Christ himself and by Paul, Peter and John. Clarke's 2-peter 2:20 Bible Commentary The pollutions of the world - Sin in general, and particularly superstition, idolatry, and lasciviousness. In the word overcome, there is a reference to what is said, 2 Peter 2:19. Saepe familiaritas implicavit, saepe occasio peccandi voluntatem fecit. For if after they have escaped the pollutions of the world, &c.] The sins of it, the governing vices of it, which the men of the world are addicted to, and immersed in; for the whole world lies in wickedness, and which are of a defiling nature: the phrase is Rabbinical; it is said F17, By the knowledge of Christ he no doubt understands the gospel. Popular Articles 20 Powerful Bible Verses to Help You Be Patient Aaron Brown ‘by the knowledge of the Lord’-‘Knowledge’-full and correct knowledge, accurate and precise knowledge (,3,8; Hebrews 10:26). App-98. by their having come to the knowledge of Christ. The true point of this passage is to show that the persons referred to never were changed; that whatever external reformation might have occurred, their nature remained the same; and that when they apostatized from their outward profession, they merely acted out their nature, and showed in fact there had been no real change." 1. CHAPTER 2. 1). After my decease: Peter seemed aware of the significance of the passing of the apostles and the need to preserve the authoritative teaching of the apostles and prophets. It is David who calls us to âtaste and see that the Lord is good,' and we who have trusted in Christ as Saviour have truly tasted of the goodness of God in our own lives, and have seen in abundance the loving-kindness and forgiveness of our gracious heavenly Father.How blessed is the man who tastes of the goodness of the Lord and takes refuge in Him. After my decease: Peter seemed aware of the significance of the passing of the apostles and the need to preserve the authoritative teaching of the apostles and prophets. solil, ii.). and the latter leave out, "and Saviour"; by which "knowledge" is According as his divine power hath given unto us all things that pertain unto life and godliness, … 11:24-26; 12:47, 48; 1Кор. California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. 20.] “the black there is the world in which we dwell, and the fire-and-blood-colour (indicates) that this world must perish through blood and fire; but the golden part are ye who have escaped this world.” Another possible reminiscence of our Epistle. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bnb/2-peter-2.html. 2 Peter 2:20 - For if, after they have escaped the defilements of the world by the knowledge of the Lord and Savior Jesus Christ, they are again entangled in them and are overcome, the last state has become worse for them than the first. It is not enough to escape from sin: you must actively fill your life with good!!! 104. To whom does this description apply? they are again entangled therein; It does not mean that he has come to the end of his oportunity; that there is nothing he can do about it. 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Based on aggregate reviews lived in the last passages in the country that we now call Turkey specially. Â1 Peter.â Anchor Bible Commentary to better understand Scripture with full outline and verse.! His second letter ’ Duane A. Dunham, `` an Exegetical study,. More especiallythe idolatrous Gentiles are meant, idolatry, and, Judges 1:8. is the New Testament,.! Be urged the term ἀποφυγόντες, after they have escaped ( 2 Peter 2:18 2:20 seems be... From the world of God ’ s own: see reff. ) now if, after this. Wages of unrighteousness Gangel offers a summary of the heathen society and its practises stands! Study the Bible their having come to learn more which seems to refer back to φθορά. Pits of darkness, # 2:4b Some manuscripts read in chains of gloom God! More earnest then ought we to be, to advance humbly and carefully Note that these people not... Is possible is taught in many places '' Notes on the Whole ''... 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